Xi jinping: Adhering to the path of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics will help build a socialist rule of law system with Chinese characteristics

2022-05-17 0 By

The Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee today held the 35th group study session on developing a socialist system of rule of law with Chinese characteristics.The purpose of this study is to summarize the achievements of the socialist rule of law system with Chinese characteristics, analyze the problems and shortcomings, stick to the socialist rule of law road with Chinese characteristics, and better promote the development of the socialist rule of law system with Chinese characteristics.”The law, is to also.”Our Party has attached great importance to the rule of law since its founding.During the New-democratic Revolution, our Party formulated the Outline of the Constitution of the Soviet Republic of China and a large number of laws and decrees, and created the Ma Xiwu Trial method, thus accumulating practical experience for establishing a new legal system.During the socialist revolution and construction period, our Party led the people in formulating a series of important laws and regulations, including the Constitution, the Organic Law of State Institutions, the Electoral Law, and the Marriage Law, and established a socialist legal framework and a socialist judicial system.Reform and opening up and socialist modernization construction period, our party has put forward “laws, the laws and law applied, barriers” policy, establish the basic strategy for the rule of law, the build socialism country under the rule of law as an important goal of socialist modernization, and gradually formed take the constitution as the core of the legal system of socialism with Chinese characteristics.Since the eighteenth congress, the central party committee put universal law into the strategy of “four comprehensive” layout to be strong, for a comprehensive law to make a series of major policy decisions, to form a central comprehensive law committee, the party leaders legislation, ensure that law enforcement, judicial support, take the lead in the law system, the basic form a comprehensive law pattern as a whole.The Fourth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee clearly stated that the overall goal of comprehensively advancing the rule of law is to build a socialist rule of law system with Chinese characteristics and build a socialist country under the rule of law.We have focused on building the rule of law system, upheld the unity of the leadership of the Party, the position of the people as masters of the country, and the rule of law in governance. We have made concerted efforts to promote the rule of law in governance, administration, and the country, as well as in society, and comprehensively deepened reform in the area of the rule of law.We coordinated efforts to develop a system for standardizing laws, implementing the rule of law, overseeing the rule of law, guaranteeing the rule of law, and establishing intra-Party regulations, and made historic achievements in building a socialist system of rule of law with Chinese characteristics.From November 16 to 17, 2020, the Central Work Conference on Comprehensively Governing the Rule of Law was held in Beijing.Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, Chinese President and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, attended the meeting and delivered an important speech.At the same time, we should also recognize that China’s legal system still has some weaknesses and shortcomings. The main ones are: the legal system is not complete enough, and there are weak spots and gaps in relevant legal systems in key areas and emerging areas;The implementation system of the rule of law is not efficient enough, and the operation mechanism of law enforcement and judicial power is not scientific enough.The supervision system of the rule of law is not strict enough.The system for ensuring the rule of law is not strong enough, and the building of a team dedicated to the rule of law needs to be strengthened.There are obvious shortcomings in the rule of law concerning foreign affairs, etc.We must promptly study and solve these problems.I have stressed on many occasions that when the rule of law thrives, the nation thrives and the country thrives when the rule of law is strong.At present, China is at a critical stage of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Major changes unseen in a century are accelerating in the world. Reform, development and stability face daunting tasks, and opening up is deepening.Domestically, we have stepped into the all-round construction of socialism modernization country, into the second goal in one hundred of a new journey, based on the new stage of development, carry out new development concept, build a new development pattern, promote the development of high quality, meet the people’s democracy, rule of law, fairness, justice, safety, environment and other aspects of growing demand, improve people’s quality of life,Promoting common prosperity puts forward new and higher requirements for the construction of the rule of law.We must improve our capacity to comprehensively govern the country in accordance with the law and provide a strong legal guarantee for fully building a modern socialist country and achieving the second Centenary Goal.Internationally, the world is in a period of turbulence and change, and international competition is increasingly represented by disputes over institutions, rules and laws.We must strengthen the system of laws and regulations related to foreign affairs, improve the efficiency of law enforcement and justice related to foreign affairs, and resolutely safeguard China’s sovereignty, security and development interests.To develop a system of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics, we must respond to the needs of development, adhere to a systematic approach, and advance it in an all-round way.At present and for some time to come, we need to focus on the following areas.First, we should keep to the right direction in building a legal system.As I have said, what matters most to our success in comprehensively advancing the rule of law is whether we have the right direction and strong political support. Specifically, we must uphold the leadership of the PARTY, uphold the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and implement the socialist theory of rule of law with Chinese characteristics.The system of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics is an important part of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, must firmly grasp the socialism with Chinese characteristics the qualitative, unswervingly taking the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics of the rule of law, correctly deal with the political and the rule of law, reform and the rule of law, the rule of law and managing state affairs by ethics, the relationship between the rule of law and party according to regulation,On major issues such as upholding the Overall leadership of the Party and ensuring the position of the people as masters of the country, we must be particularly clear-headed and resolute.We must always put the people first, uphold the rule of law for the people, by the people, for the benefit of the people, and protect the people, and incorporate the interests of the people, their aspirations, their rights and interests, and their well-being into the whole process of building a rule of law system.The socialist system of rule of law with Chinese characteristics that we want to build must be one that takes root in Chinese culture, is based on China’s national conditions, and addresses China’s problems. It must not be misled by erroneous western thoughts.Second, we will speed up legislation in key areas.The ancients said, “If good law is established in the world, the world will be governed;If good law is established in a nation, the nation will be governed.”Must strengthen state security, science and technology innovation, public health, safety, and ecological civilization, risk prevention and other important areas of legislation, speed up the digital economy, Internet financial, artificial intelligence, big data, cloud computing and other fields of legislation, efforts to improve the governance need necessary, the good life is to meet people’s increasing need of legal system.We should give full play to the role of governing the Party in accordance with rules as a political guarantee for the development of the cause of the Party and the country, and form a pattern in which state laws and inner-Party regulations complement each other.We should focus on the urgent needs of the people and strengthen legislation related to people’s wellbeing.Serious problems in the entertainment industry, such as telecom and Internet fraud, new drug crimes and “cult-like” star worship, “fan circle” disorder and “Yin-yang contract”, should be regulated by improving the law and filling up regulatory loopholes and shortcomings, and must not be left unchecked.In recent years, the problem of disorderly expansion of capital has been prominent, and the wild growth of some platform economy and digital economy and lack of supervision have brought many problems.We will speed up the revision of the Anti-monopoly Law and the Anti-Unfair Competition Law and improve relevant legal systems.President Xi Jinping, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, visited Guangxi from April 25 to 27, 2021.On the afternoon of March 25, President Xi jinping visited the Yangdi Wharf of The Lijiang River in Yangshuo County, Guilin city to learn about the comprehensive management and ecological protection of the Lijiang River basin.MAO Zedong once said, “To make a constitution is to make science.”We need to focus on the quality of legislation as the key to making it more scientific, democratic, and law-based. We need to formulate, revise, repeal, and interpret legislative texts in a coordinated manner, improve legislative efficiency, and make legislation more systematic, holistic, and coordinated.Safeguarding national unity under the rule of law is a serious political issue. Legislative bodies and working departments at all levels must follow legislative procedures, strictly observe their legislative powers, effectively avoid overstepping, duplicating, or blind legislation, and effectively prevent the influence of departmental interests and local protectionism.”Everything in the world is not difficult to legislate, but difficult to do.”In advancing the development of the rule of law system, the focus and difficulty lies in ensuring the correct implementation of laws and turning “laws on paper” into “laws in action” through strict law enforcement, impartial administration of justice, and observance of law by all.We must improve the mechanism for ensuring that everyone is equal before the law and safeguard the unity, dignity and authority of China’s legal system. All acts that violate the Constitution and laws must be investigated.Party organizations and leading officials at all levels must unequivocally support judicial organs in independently exercising their functions and powers in accordance with the law, and must never use their powers to interfere in the judiciary or interfere in cases.On February 1, 2019, Xi Jinping, general secretary of the COMMUNIST Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, Chinese President and Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC), visited officials and people at the grassroots level in Beijing and inspected preparations for the Beijing Winter Olympics and Paralympics.Chinese President Xi Jinping shakes hands with police officers and models at the Beijing Municipal Public Security Bureau on Monday morning to extend New Year greetings to police officers across the country.Third, we need to deepen reform of the rule of law.At present, there are some prominent contradictions and problems in the field of the rule of law, because the reform has not been fully implemented.To ensure that the people feel fairness and justice in every legal system, every law enforcement decision and every judicial case, we need to deepen comprehensive and coordinated reform of the judicial system and speed up the building of a fair, efficient and authoritative socialist judicial system.We need to improve the legal system for ensuring social fairness and justice, the system of public interest litigation, the mechanism for exercising the power of law enforcement, supervision and judicial power, and strengthen restraint and oversight of power.To speed up the build system is complete, standardized and efficient law enforcement and judicial restraint supervision system, strengthen the legislative, the executive and supervisory power, the judicial power of supervision and improve the discipline inspection organs, public security organs, procuratorial organs, courts and judicial administrative organs, indictment of constrained, procuratorial, judicial power, executive power systems and mechanisms,We will ensure that all links and the whole process of law enforcement and justice are carried out under effective constraints and oversight.We need to strengthen overall planning, improve the system for training legal personnel, speed up the development of lawyers, notaries, forensic expertise, arbitration, mediation and other legal services, and strive to build a contingent of socialist rule of law workers who are loyal to the Party, the country, the people, and the law.We will deepen the reform of the management system for law enforcement and judicial personnel, and strengthen the management education and training of specialized legal teams.We will deepen education and rectification of procuratorial and judicial personnel, continue to crack down on corruption in law enforcement and judicial fields in accordance with the law, and make it a regular practice to crack down on organized crime.What needs to be stressed is that the reform of the rule of law is political and policy-oriented, so we must adhere to principles and stick to the bottom line. We must not turn the reform into a “benchmark” of the Western rule of law system or a “follower” of western rule of law practice.Fourth, we should use the rule of law to carry out international struggle.Since the 18th NATIONAL Congress of the CPC, we have made coordinated efforts to advance the rule of law both at home and abroad, and significantly improved our ability to use the rule of law to safeguard the interests of the country and the people.We will continue to coordinate efforts to promote the rule of law both at home and abroad, strengthen legislation related to foreign affairs in accordance with the principle of priority for urgent use, further improve laws and regulations on anti-sanctions, anti-interference, and anti-long-arm jurisdiction, and promote the building of a legal system for extraterritorial application of Chinese laws.We should make expanding law enforcement and judicial cooperation an important topic in building bilateral and multilateral relations, and extend the security chain that protects China’s overseas interests.We should strengthen the construction of legal personnel related to foreign affairs.Fifth, strengthen theoretical research and publicity on the rule of law.We have reviewed the practice of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics, inherited the essence of Chinese legal culture, and drawn on the achievements of other civilizations in the field of rule of law. We have formulated new concepts and measures for comprehensively governing the rule of law.At the Central Conference on Comprehensively advancing the rule of law, I summed it up as “Eleven Principles”.It is necessary to strengthen the research on the original concepts, judgments, categories and theories of the rule of law in China, and strengthen the construction of the legal discipline system, academic system and discourse system with Chinese characteristics.We should incorporate the socialist thought on the rule of law with Chinese characteristics for a New Era into the compilation and teaching of textbooks for all legal disciplines, promote the use of textbooks, classrooms, and minds, and strive to cultivate more legal talents with firm ideals and convictions, strong feelings for the country, and solid legal foundations.We should strengthen political guidance for the ranks of lawyers, educate and guide them to consciously abide by the basic professional requirements of supporting the leadership of the CPC and the socialist rule of law in China, and strive to be good lawyers that the Party and the people are satisfied with.We will take it as a basic project to ensure that all people abide by the law, and fully implement the responsibility system for popularizing the law to those who enforce it.Leading officials at all levels must take the lead in respecting, abiding by, and applying the law, and guide the general public to abide by it consciously, seek the law when problems arise, and rely on the law to solve problems.We should sum up our experience in building the rule of law system and practicing the rule of law, expound our excellent traditional rule of law culture, tell good stories about the rule of law in China, and enhance the international influence and voice of our system and theory of the rule of law.Party committees (Leading Party groups) at all levels should shoulder their primary responsibilities, focus on major plans, tasks, and work, strengthen organization and leadership, take the initiative to take action, and refrain from formalism and bureaucracy.The Central Office of the Rule of Law should fully play its role and ensure that the CPC Central Committee’s decisions and plans for building the rule of law are fully implemented.All fronts and departments should work together to consolidate responsibilities and form joint forces to improve the rule of law in their work.※ Speech delivered by General Secretary Xi Jinping at the 35th group study session of the Political Bureau of the 19th CPC Central Committee on Dec. 6, 2021Source: Law Popularization in China